The rail way network development of Russian European North, liquidation of infrastructural dead-ends, reduction of transportation distances, a creation of a new Russian crossing for international cargo, creation of a new international track within Euro-Asian transport corridor, shorter connections for the country regions, economical use of idle territories, rail way transportation costs reduction, increase competitiveness for adjusting enterprises.
|Construction of the bridge over the r. Vashka, Udorsky District, the Republic of Komi
Creation of a shorter connection is extremely important. Comparing to a
before perestroika period when rail way tariffs were very low and a distance for cargo
senders was of little importance, in market economy conditions current tariffs may
significantly influence transported products costs making their manufacturing
unprofitable. Evidently the new rail will contribute greatly to foreign trade of the
neighboring regions due to transportation costs reduction.
Today an industrial decentralization in Russia, solving more economical questions in
regions, establishing new market structures make necessary to integrate the Urals economy
with other close regions, especially with European North as well as to provide a direct
excess of those regions to the world trade markets.
For to solve this problem it is necessary to create an infrastructure, firstly its
basis as a rail way with a year round work and accessible for a wide public. Because of
that in the General Rail Ways Scheme Development for Russian European North (Lengiprotrans
and Uralgiprotrans, 1994) an objective to develop a direct transport line from the Urals,
Siberia, Middle Asia to the Republic of Komi and further to Arkhangelsk port, from
Scandinavian countries to the world trade markets was set. After technical and economical
expertise of a few options it was agreed that the best way is to build a meridian rail way
Arkhangelsk-Syktyvkar-Kudymkar-Perm by joining existing dead-ends.
The project of the new rail way Arkhangelsk-Syktyvkar-Kudymkar-Perm
within the Northern Transport Corridor Finland-Urals-Far East and Middle Asia will serve a
quicker economic development of Russian North-West regions, business, foreign trade
expansion of the Republic of Komi, Perm region, Arkhangelsk and Sverdlovsk regions. The
rail road will involve into economical use territories with a huge potential, assist
integration into the world economy.
On September 6, 2007 the Government of the Russian Federation approved
the project "Russian Federation Rail Way Transport Development Strategy till 2030".
The construction of the links Syktyvkar-Perm 579 km, Karpogory-Vendinga 215 km are
included into the strategy as a part of minimum and maximum options for the rail way
transport development till 2030.